A Free Template from Joomlashack

A Free Template from Joomlashack

แบบสำรวจ

ท่านกำลังใช้ระบบปฏิบัติการ (OS) อะไรอยู่ ?
 

Search

ผู้เข้าเว็บขณะนี้

เรามี 82 บุคคลทั่วไป ออนไลน์
The Covert Origins of ISIS PDF พิมพ์ อีเมล
เขียนโดย Administrator   
วันอาทิตย์ที่ 22 พฤศจิกายน 2015 เวลา 06:23 น.

 

 

The Covert Origins of ISIS 

 


The Covert Origins of ISIS

 

          The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL; Arabic: الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام‎), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS, /ˈaɪsɨs/), the Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham, Daesh, or simply Islamic State (IS), is a Wahhabi/Salafi jihadist extremist militant group, self-proclaimed to be a caliphate and Islamic state. It is led by and mainly composed of Sunni Arabs from Iraq and Syria. As of March 2015, it has control over territory occupied by 10 million people in Iraq and Syria, and through loyal local groups, has control over small areas of Libya, Nigeria and Afghanistan. The group also operates or has affiliates in other parts of the world, including North Africa and South Asia.

 

 

 


10 Things You Need To Know About ISIS

 

Analysis: Beating ISIS will take an army -- and an end goal

By Dylan Lee Lehrke

Editor's Note: Dylan Lee Lehrke is the North Atlantic analyst on the IHS Jane's Military Capabilities Desk. He served in the U.S. Army infantry from 1996 to 1999, deploying to Kuwait and Bosnia. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of the author.

 

          (CNN)  In the wake of the terrorist attacks in Paris, France ratcheted up its bombing campaign against ISIS in Syria, and British Prime Minister David Cameron wants Parliament to let him do the same.

 

          But while the French and British moves are an important political signal in support of an ally, they can hardly be expected to be a game changer on the battlefield.

 

          ISIS cannot be defeated through a bombing campaign alone.

 

          Airstrikes can degrade the group, but ultimately ground forces will be needed to defeat ISIS, both in Iraq and Syria.

 

          The question is, who will provide that ground force?

 

          At this point, it is highly unlikely the Western-backed Syrian opposition could field the necessary army. The training and equipping of this force has been entirely inadequate, and it is too fragmented politically.

 

          Western nations do not have the political will or military capability to undertake a protracted land operation with the required numbers, and such an effort would risk serious backlash regardless of "good intentions."

 

          A coalition of Middle East states is also unfeasible given their differing agendas and lack of combat experience.

 

 

 

-------------------
No perfect option


          The most viable candidates to be the boots in the sand facing ISIS are Bashar al-Assad's Syrian army forces, the Kurdish Pershmerga and the military forces of Iraq.

          However, none of these forces is being properly empowered because the anti-ISIS coalition -- the Western countries in particular -- are uncertain of the geopolitical ends they are seeking.

 

          Assad's forces can't be supported without compromising democracy. The Kurds can't be supported without angering Turkey, and the Iraqi military cannot be supported without buoying Shia power over the Sunni minority in Iraq.

 

          There are a legion of political decisions that must be made before military action can be effective. The place of the Kurds in the Middle East must be determined. The future of the Assad regime in Syria needs to be agreed upon. Most importantly, rapprochement between the Sunnis and Shiites in Iraq and across the Middle East needs to be advanced.

 

          All this is vital because only once the political goal is decided upon will it at last be feasible to develop the military means to achieve those ends.

 

          It is ill-advised to have only the goal of eliminating ISIS and leaving a vacuum.

 

          No doubt, all of this will require a huge political effort, but it must be undertaken with as much visibility as the current bombing.

 

 

 

 

----------------

Air power supporting ground troops


          Once an end state is determined, airstrikes will be much more effective because they can be undertaken in support of ground forces. Troops will be able to advance on the battlefield first and then take advantage of the strategic effects of bombing.

          This dynamic of Western air power supporting local proxy armies was responsible for success in both Kosovo and Afghanistan.

 

          As part of this air campaign, it will also be vital that special forces be present on the ground providing forward air control and advising. This will entail some risk, as will providing close air support with rotary-wing assets and intelligence assets. However, large numbers of outside forces will not be required.

 

          At this point, if there is any success against ISIS, it is likely to be dictated by Russia despite the shooting down of a Russian jet by Turkey on Tuesday.

 

          This is because by siding with Assad, Russian President Vladimir Putin has a proxy ground army with which Russia can cooperate to advance on the battlefield. Already this approach is seeing some results, albeit at a humanitarian and military cost.

 

 

 

--------------
Unity or chaos

 

 

          However, any success is likely to be limited unless the vast anti-ISIS coalition comes together with a common objective. If there is no unity of action, the region will remain chaotic and at the mercy of force of arms. It is in this context that groups such as ISIS thrive.

 

          But of course the military cannot rest while political negotiations are working out the future for the region.

 

          So what can be done in the interim? The correct approach was identified by T.E. Lawrence almost a century ago. He noted that "standing still" in an "irregular war, was the prelude to disaster."

 

          ISIS feeds on chaos, and thus the key is not to overreact and cause more chaos. The U.S. 9/11 Commission noted that Osama bin Laden wanted the United States to overreact to the al Qaeda attacks on New York and Washington.

 

          There is a high probability that ISIS is hoping for the same response to the attack on Paris. Instead, the military strategy should focus on ensuring ISIS forces stand still.

 

          Here is where the airstrikes have been effective and can continue to be for a time. They have not turned ISIS around, but the group's blitzkrieg has ended, and it has stagnated.

 

          If this can be maintained, it could provide time for political solutions to be sought, which will be the prelude to an effective counterattack.



 

The Secret History of ISIS



The Secret History of ISIS  (Part 1)



The inside story of the radicals who became the leaders of ISIS, the missed warning signs and the U.S. failures to stop the group’s brutal rise.

 

 

The Secret History of ISIS



 

 The Secret History of ISIS  (Part 2)

 


ISIS - The World’s Richest Terror Army

 

          The inside story of how a small band of fanatical jihadi fighters became the world's richest terror army ever. Featuring the first major TV interview with an imprisoned senior leader of the so-called Islamic State, Peter Taylor looks behind its medieval savagery and investigates how it became so fabulously rich and resilient.

 

 

          The jihadist militant group called the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), also sometimes referred to as the Islamic State (IS), has emerged as the biggest terrorist threat faced by the world in recent times. In April 2015, the BBC called it the World’s Richest Terror Army. The net worth of this militant organization was pegged at about USD 2 billion that month. ISIS has been able to amass such a vast amount of resources and finances due to meticulous planning and superb organizational management, experts believe. How did this illegal terrorist outfit become the richest of its kind?
 
 
 
          The Islamic State earns about USD 3 million in a single day. Most of this wealth comes from controlling oil wells and through oil trade. Apart from this, the group earns a neat amount of finances through mafia-like activities such as smuggling, kidnapping, extortion, human trafficking and slavery, and looting financial institutions.


 

 ISIS - The World’s Richest Terror Army (Part 1)

 

 

 Oil Money

 

The biggest source of funds to power the ISIS comes from the group’s control over the oil fields in eastern Syria and elsewhere in its regime. Selling oil from these captured oil wells is a major source of income. While international sanctions are in place, there are more than enough buyers in the black market. More so since the oil coming from ISIS wells is sold at a discount of USD 25 to USD 60 per barrel in comparison to the international oil market. The oil fields captured by the ISIS produce enough oil to fetch the organization over USD 2 million a day. Early reports said that the group owned a number of oil fields in Hasakah and the Euphrates Valley. Refineries that produce diesel and petrol too were taken over by ISIS militants. This is now the backbone of the group’s financial inflow.
 
 
 
 
 

Spoils of the War

 
 

ISIS is believed to have amassed a large amount of wealth by looting the banks and financial institutions in cities under its control. Even as the group continues to spread its base and newer towns fall to its jihadist army, the spoils of war are collected from the banks and from rich households apart from commercial centers. In June 2014, ISIS terror army was reported to have raided the Central Bank of Mosul and collected wealth amounting to over 500 billion Iraqi Dinars (approximately USD 429 million) in currency and gold. These are merely official reports and unofficial sources say that the spoils from the central bank may be much more. With this looting the ISIS became richer than a number of small countries and nations states of the world.
 
 
One of the biggest expenses borne by the ISIS is towards ammunition, war equipment, vehicles, and gunnery. By securing victories in towns such as Fallujah (May 2015), the ISIS has now seized huge quantities of ammunition, guns, mines and explosives, and military vehicles – making the group that much richer. Most of these supplies were donated by the U.S. military that has been supporting the war against ISIS.

 


 

How is the ISIS funded?

 

 

 Ransom and Extortion


One of the key sources of income for the ISIS is extortion and ransom from kidnapping. News reports say that Iraqi intelligence suspects the IS to make about USD 1 million a month only from extortion in the city of Mosul. The levies, or taxes as they are called, are imposed on all businesses. Transport and real estate business owners cough up huge amounts on demand, news reports suggest.
 
 
Another source of income for the ISIS is through the sale of antiques and historic artifacts from the museums and ancient temples in the regions under its control. Most of these are smuggled out to other Middle Eastern countries or to Turkey and sold to private collectors. News reports have said that the ISIS has smuggled out about USD 36 million worth artifacts (some about 8000 years old) from al-Nabuk, near Damascus.
 
 
Ransom from kidnappings also is a significant source of income, news reports suggest. In this matter, though, there is lack of concrete evidence but it seems that the ISIS is given to kidnapping French and Spanish nationals and demanding multi-million dollar ransoms from the governments. Though unreported, these governments are believed to have paid the amount. Similarly wealthy Arabs are believed to have been kidnapped for ransom. None of these parties have reported any of these activities, though.


 

 

How is the ISIS funded? 




 ISIS - The World’s Richest Terror Army (Part 2)

 

 

Private Funding

 

In the early days of its inception, the ISIS depended heavily on private funding from rich individuals from Gulf countries and also from Islamic charities sympathetic to the Jihadist cause. It is also believed that the jihadists and ISIS followers have infiltrated the social security systems of many European nations thus manipulating government and NGO funds towards their cause. It is suspected that many wealthy Sunni Arabs from the Middle Eastern nations still remain private funders for the organization.
 
It is suspected that the highest private funding received by the ISIS may come from Qatar, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. These countries may be privately funding a proxy way in the region – particularly on neighboring countries such as Tunisia.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Human Trafficking and Slavery

 
According to recent reports, human trafficking seems to be a significant source of income for the ISIS. The group sells women and children as sex slaves. Since the emergence of the ISIS, about 10,000 women and even young girls have been abducted and trafficked, claim human rights groups. Many of them are offered as rewards (sex slaves) to the fighters or sold into prostitution and slavery for money. Most of the women captured are from the Yazidi minority groups. The ISIS earns between USD 200 and 20000 for each of the woman sold. Most of them are trafficked into the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, or Syria.

 




ISIS - The World’s Richest Terror Army (Part 3)

 

Stolen Antiquities

 

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq are netting between $150 million and $200 million a year from illicit trade in plundered antiquities, Russia's ambassador to the United Nations said in a letter released on Wednesday.
 
 
 
"Around 100,000 cultural objects of global importance, including 4,500 archaeological sites, nine of which are included in the World Heritage List of ... UNESCO, are under the control of the Islamic State ... in Syria and Iraq," Ambassador Vitaly Churkin wrote in a letter to the U.N. Security Council.
"The profit derived by the Islamists from the illicit trade in antiquities and archaeological treasures is estimated at U.S. $150-200 million per year," he said.
 
 
 
The smuggling of artifacts, Churkin wrote, is organized by Islamic State's antiquities division in the group's equivalent of a ministry for natural resources. Only those who have a permit with a stamp from this division are permitted to excavate, remove and transport antiquities.
 
 
 
Some details of the group's war spoils department were previously revealed by Reuters, which reviewed some of the documents seized by U.S. Special Operations Forces in a May 2015 raid in Syria.
 
 
But many details in Churkin's letter appeared to be new.
 
 
The envoy from Russia, which has repeatedly accused Turkey of supporting Islamic State by purchasing oil from the group, said plundered antiquities were largely smuggled through Turkish territory.
 
 
"The main center for the smuggling of cultural heritage items is the Turkish city of Gaziantep, where the stolen goods are sold at illegal auctions and then through a network of antique shops and at the local market," Churkin wrote.
 
 
Turkish officials were not immediately available for comment on the Russian allegations. Russian-Turkish relations have been strained ever since Turkey shot down a Russian plane near the Syrian border last November.
 
 
Churkin said jewelry, coins and other looted items are brought to the Turkish cities of Izmir, Mersin and Antalya, where criminal groups produce fake documents on their origin.
 
 
"The antiquities are then offered to collectors from various countries, generally through Internet auction sites such as eBay and specialized online stores," he said. Churkin named several other Internet auction sites that he said sold antiquities plundered by Islamic State.
"Recently ISIL has been exploiting the potential of social media more and more frequently so as to cut out the middleman and sell artifacts directly to buyers," he said.
 
 
EBay said it was not aware of the allegations that it was being used to sell plundered items.
 
 
 
"eBay has absolutely zero interest in having illicit listings of cultural or historical goods appear on our platforms," it said. "We're currently looking into the claims of this letter."
 
 
"To date, we are not aware of any direct evidence of listings for items on eBay that resulted from ISIL looting or similar activity," it added.

 
 
 

Who Manages the Finances?

 
 

The financial resources of the ISIS are, surprisingly, very well managed, say experts. Abu Salah, (real name – Muafaq Mustafa Mohammed al-Karmoush) is believed to be the financial brain behind the organization’s workings, especially in Iraq. The jihadists and soldiers of the ISIS terror army seem to be very well compensated. Each month the senior and medium level commanders are believed to receive salaries between USD 300 and USD 2000. Suicide bombers are compensated for their lives and their families are well cared for.
 
 
The key to winning the war against the ISIS may lie with breaking their financial backbone. It is a difficult task requiring a multi-pronged approach and international cooperation of the highest order.



 

 

แก้ไขล่าสุด ( วันศุกร์ที่ 10 มีนาคม 2017 เวลา 03:15 น. )
 

คอมเมนต์คอมเมนต์  

 
0 #30 Donte 2019-03-20 10:29
Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic however I'd figured I'd ask.
Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest writing
a blog article or vice-versa? My website discusses a lot of the same subjects as yours and
I think we could greatly benefit from each other.
If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me an email.

I look forward Back to list: https://bid.hortonauction.com/view-auctions/catalog/id/7506/lot/952118/?url=https://pronaturalscbd.com/ hearing from you!
Terrific blog by the way!
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #29 Simone 2019-03-20 03:45
Wow, incredible blog format! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for?
you make blogging look easy. The full glance of your
site is wonderful, let alone the content material!



Also visit my website :: Lean Supreme Forskolin: https://arborwear.asureforce.net/Redirect.aspx?redirecturl=https://leansupremeforskolin.org/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #28 Lorri 2019-03-20 01:10
Great article, exactly what I was looking for.

Feel free to surf to my blog post: http://newsdiffs.org/article-history/www.findabeautyschool.com/map.aspx?url=https://supremelux.org/: http://www.hyoito-fda.com/out.php?url=http://newsdiffs.org/article-history/www.findabeautyschool.com/map.aspx%3Furl=https://supremelux.org/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #27 Matt 2019-03-17 00:25
If you talk to numerous of the net surfers today, online casino usa no deposit: http://Feldmanskosher.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=ace333.gdn%2Findex.php%2Fother-games%2Frollex11%2F10-rollex11 casinos are still considered a new challenge.
Granted, they were around for awhile, it can be becoming a brilliant source
of entertainment when you're on the computer.

What can make you win is your adept an understanding of the game.
Although, getting extra money from winning a roulette game
is a really good idea, you aren't just playing for the investment but also for enjoyment
that roulette will surely give buyers. The mechanics of
online roulette matches the ones played actual casinos.
The wheel and also the ball could be the basic a part of a
roulette game. It is important to make the importance prediction which wheel color
and number the ball will land for which win. You'll need normally win what you betted for in a sluggish start the casino game.


Participate planet games. Variety way completely be entertained with live casino on the telly than being part of it.
There are two common ways exactly how to you may well make a think.

For one, you can invariably dial totally free whataburger coupons phone count.
A voice prompt can guide you on how spot your bets on either live roulette or black-jack.
You can also go to the website or use your software. Normally, you
are dealing with chips using respective denomination. Using alike buttons, however
place your bet about the table, remove them, and make new
bets. You just have to recollect that maybe you have to wait a while, since
there will be the perfect opportunity interval given for all those who for you to
participate inside the games.

When start placing your bets, you are about to take
possible risk of losing while hoping for
getting some luck as effectively. However, before starting to wager for casinos,
have got to bear on some important checks that you
shouldn't not recall.

As almost as much as possible, players must
avoid stressors or those that compels in order
to play. Whether it is an emotional state or
stress, dealerships will have try to avoid it. Similarly, they must limit their exposure to places
or establishments may easily be avoided trigger the actual get hooked in playing again. This does
not only go for land-based betting houses. Players must readily
practice self-control when visiting an sky777 new slot: https://asiacrown818.com/en/sky777.


When you log on and select the table of your choice,
you'll find the screen names of all of the players participating with you on the chart.
A large box at the left side the most notable screen can teach
you the dealer and the table games that the playing.
By the right corner there would have been a talk litter box.
This box is provided for conntacting the dealer or other players shared.
It does not imply that it is mandatory for you to talk.
In fact you probably will not talk almost all and just watch others
talking previously Live Dealer Casino game
you are playing. If ever the table you've selected is full, you have the
option to review to another table. Continue to ponder due to heavy rush
you may need to wait a bit to find out a vacant seat.



When the finally chosen a website, never miss to carefully read their rules, terms and conditions.

If it fits your preferences then by all means, register.
But if it doesn't, you might still find another website. In order to
are choosing an online casino, if would be much better if produce e-mail marketing lists you to ask and chat with your classmates and friends.

Lastly, choose an affiliate site that means that
you can customize the sound, voice of the card dealer and animation of the overall game.

This gives you the cabability to enjoy roulette better according to how
need your name it with regard to.
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #26 Elissa 2019-03-07 18:35
Search Engine Optimization issue that happens to be important for businesses in today's times.
Businesses too are becoming all the more aware of how to
make SEO some of their work plan of attack.
All businesses and organizations which the online
presence need to care along with websites and how to have good page rankings.

However the thing is the fact , though calls
for a lot of information situated on the web as as to the constitutes
good SEO, absolutely nothing certain. While one tip may manage a particular day or week, another tip may go
better your next. So here actually are a few of your tips which
are going to work no challenege show up. They are stuff you can use on a consistent basis for promotion to get great page rankings.


Link putting together. Aside from optimizing your pages, hand calculators also attract search
engines by linking with similar websites. Search consider a site a good source associated
with if acquire these links . lot of links pointing to it's.
This can result to enormous traffic and good page ranking.


The success of your article really depends on your private headline (title).

This exactly what the user sees quite first.
Make sure you grab their undivided attention so they will want
liposuction costs your content. 75% of your time writing your
article are going to spent on creating an extremely good title.


Flowers offer endless style. Look for patterns in your
daughter's clothes that pick-up on a floral design and style.
Use a rose print paper and include quotes about roses. Choose tiny silk flowers to use in your illustrate.
Press a petal or a flower and laminate it before attaching to the page.
Floral themes effectively work with colors; vibrant
orange and yellow, pastel pink and green, moody violet and deep blue.
The options are endless.

Just design you website structure, build your content pages (don't
worry if subjected to testing not completed yet) and publish them swiftly.
Because, the associated with indexing, new websites takes about two months.
So, it helps you saving days.

Your articles must be valuable, useful, and highly informative after being to try to drive visitors to your web site.
You want to have unique information that no one else has. It
is really easy collect the right information by visiting forums and finding out what problems your niche has then you can just
provide the solution.

If you're in depend on for some fast money, i then would recommend you check into getting discharge Wealth Package.
It has been the #1 hottest-selling product for home based business a favorable outcome.
It goes over affiliate marketing in depth as well as quite a lot of
alternative methods to make multiple streams of income with.
Program shows you the way you can boost revenue through
your website and even shows you other to help promote your products for
freely available.

The package gives which you FREE website that you may make a a small fortune from however direct in order
to it. Fortunately about a little something if you do not know
anything about internet marketing because this package addresses eveything in the step by
step manner for to comprehend.

My web-site - lpe88 download android: http://Ace333.gdn/index.php/download/21-lpe88
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #25 Dillon 2019-03-02 10:42
I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I'm not sure whether this post is written by
him as nobocy else knoow such detailed about my problem.
You'reincredible! Thanks!

Look at my weblog; Derma Parfaite Reviews: http://urban-wildflower-corridor.com.au/wiki/Affordable_Hair_And_Skin_Care_Product_For_Beautiful_You
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #24 Toni 2019-02-28 02:49
This is a topic that's close to my heart...
Many thanks! Where are your contact details though?



Feel free to surf to my web-site :: fifa coins: http://www.oregonretirement.info/XcDirRedirect.asp?ID=1215&url=http://venicen.net/fifa-18-review-and-hack-generator/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #23 Mickey 2019-02-23 09:13
Hurrah, that's what I wwas seeking for, what a data!

present here at this weblog, thanks admin of this site.


my site Pure Keto Premium Reviews: http://billbayreuther.com/UserProfile/tabid/42/UserID/960020/Default.aspx
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #22 Gary 2019-02-23 04:36
I know this if offf topic but I'm looking into starting my own weblog and
was curious what all is needed to get set up?

I'm assuming having a blog like yours would
cost a pretty penny? I'm not very internet savvy so I'm not 100% positive.
Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated.
Many thanks

My web blog :: Keto Rapid Max Review: http://www.capft5.com/space.php?uid=14628&do=blog&id=29278
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #21 Harrison 2019-01-26 13:37
It's difficult to find educated people about
this topic, however, you seem like you know what you're talking about!

Thanks

my web blog; garcinia: https://Vitaltwist.com/
อ้างอิง
 

เพิ่มคอมเมนต์ใหม่

 


Joomla 1.5 Templates by Joomlashack