A Free Template from Joomlashack

A Free Template from Joomlashack

แบบสำรวจ

ท่านกำลังใช้ระบบปฏิบัติการ (OS) อะไรอยู่ ?
 

Search

ผู้เข้าเว็บขณะนี้

เรามี 115 บุคคลทั่วไป ออนไลน์
Hagia Sophia - Istanbuls Ancient Mystery PDF พิมพ์ อีเมล
เขียนโดย Administrator   
วันอังคารที่ 02 กุมภาพันธ์ 2016 เวลา 08:57 น.

 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 









 
          Hagia Sophia (from the Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, "Holy Wisdom"; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Christian patriarchal basilica (church), later an imperial mosque, and now a museum (Ayasofya Müzesi) in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarch of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was then secularized and opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.
 
 
 
 
          Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have "changed the history of architecture". It remained the world's largest cathedral for nearly a thousand years, until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I and was the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site, the previous two having both been destroyed by rioters. It was designed by the Greek geometers Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles.
 
 
 
 
          The church was dedicated to the Wisdom of God, the Logos, the second person of the Holy Trinity, its patronal feast taking place on 25 December, the commemoration of the birth of the incarnation of the Logos in Christ. Although sometimes referred to as Sancta Sophia (as though it were named after Saint Sophia), sophia being the phonetic spelling in Latin of the Greek word for wisdom, its full name in Greek is Ναός τῆς Ἁγίας τοῦ Θεοῦ Σοφίας, "Shrine of the Holy Wisdom of God".
 
 
 
 
          The church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 15-metre (49 ft) silver iconostasis. The focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly one thousand years, the building witnessed the excommunication of Patriarch Michael I Cerularius on the part of Humbert of Silva Candida, the papal envoy of Pope Leo IX in 1054, an act which is commonly considered the start of the Great Schism.
 
 
 
 
 
          In 1453, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks under Sultan Mehmed II, who ordered this main church of Orthodox Christianity converted into a mosque. By that point, the church had fallen into a state of disrepair. Nevertheless, the Christian cathedral made a strong impression on the new Ottoman rulers and they decided to convert it into a mosque. The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels and other relics were removed and the mosaics depicting Jesus, his Mother Mary, Christian saints and angels were also removed or plastered over. Islamic features—such as the mihrab, minbar, and four minarets—were added. It remained a mosque until 1931, when it was closed to the public for four years. It was re-opened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey. Hagia Sophia is currently (2014) the second-most visited museum in Turkey, attracting almost 3.3 million visitors annually.
 
 
 
 
 
          From its initial conversion until the construction of the nearby Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque of Istanbul) in 1616, it was the principal mosque of Istanbul. The Byzantine architecture of the Hagia Sophia served as inspiration for many other Ottoman mosques, such as the Blue Mosque, the Şehzade Mosque, the Süleymaniye Mosque, the Rüstem Pasha Mosque and the Kılıç Ali Paşa Mosque.

 
 
 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
 
 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 
 
 
 
Aerial View of Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Aerial View of Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 
 
 
 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 

 

 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

 
 

 
แก้ไขล่าสุด ( วันจันทร์ที่ 29 กุมภาพันธ์ 2016 เวลา 05:10 น. )
 

คอมเมนต์คอมเมนต์  

 
0 #157 Jacqueline 2019-08-25 07:27
This paragraph givs clear idea in support of the new people of
blogging, that really how to do blogging.

Also visit my webpage :: Super Milano: https://cucinafaidate.food.blog/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #156 Marilyn 2019-08-25 06:50
Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I
gurss I'll justt sum it up what I submitted and say, I'm thoroughly enjoying your blog.
I as well am an aspiring blog writer but I'm stilll neww to the whole thing.
Do you ave any recommendations for rookie blog writers?
I'd certainly appreciate it.

Feel free to surf tto my website free online casino
games: https://onlinepokerforrealmoney.Wordpress.com/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #155 Lizzie 2019-08-24 22:23
Hi there, I enjoy reading through your post. I like to write a little
comment to support you.

Also visit my site - http://rosarioxea8174.wikidot.com/blog:5: https://globalmarket.city/User/profile/145578
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #154 Maureen 2019-08-24 21:40
WOW just what I was looking for. Came here by searching for วัดวะภูแก้ว

My blog; looking to enhance: http://berstahone.mihanblog.com/post/comment/new/1/fromtype/postone/fid/15110545675a10dce75afe3/atrty/1511054567/avrvy/0/key/d312c4bab2af38f737307da78e6f52bc/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #153 Roland 2019-08-24 16:59
Wonderful blog! I found it while seearching on Yahoo News.
Do you have any tips oon how to get listed in Yahoo News?
I've been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!

Cheers

Also visit my blog post; only news: https://tuttoperlavostracasa.blogspot.com/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #152 Cameron 2019-08-24 13:42
I've been exploring for a little bit for any high-quality articles or blog
posts on this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website.
Reading this information So i'm glad to show that I have a very good uncanny feeling I came
upon exactly what I needed. I most surely will make sure to do not disregard this
website and give it a glance on a constant basis.

Feel free to surf to my website :: the old stereo: http://xn--299aw0wg9igdz8g07cd3p.kr/board_uJjY03/338235
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #151 Dannielle 2019-08-24 13:09
I view something genuinely interesting about your
site so I saved »
Continue to http://renuvastack.net/: https://www.foxcredit.com/leaving.php?url=http://renuvastack.net/ fav.
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #150 Savannah 2019-08-24 00:15
Wow, awesome blog structure! How lengthy have you ever been running a blog for?
you make running a blog glance easy. The overall look of your website is excellent, as
smartly as the content!

Here is my web site - your vehicle: https://pasangiklanboss.com/user/profile/765937
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #149 Willy 2019-08-23 20:24
This is a topic that is close to my heart... Best wishes!

Where are your contact details though?

Feel free to surf to my website; ristrutturazion e
bagno torino e provincia: http://ediliziageneraletorino.com/ristrutturazion e-casa-torino/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #148 Collette 2019-08-22 21:23
certainly like your website but you have to
test the spelling on several of your posts. A number of them are
rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very bothersome
to inform the truth nevertheless I will definitely come again again.

Also visit my blog - upgrading your factory radio: http://Www.tessabannampad.go.th/webboard/index.php?action=profile;u=268259
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #147 Michel 2019-08-22 17:16
What's up colleagues, fastidious paragraph and fastidious urging commented at this place, I am
truly enjoying by these.

Have a look at my web blog ... sound system: http://www.artmagazine.spb.ru/en/gb.html
อ้างอิง
 

เพิ่มคอมเมนต์ใหม่

 


Joomla 1.5 Templates by Joomlashack