A Free Template from Joomlashack

A Free Template from Joomlashack

แบบสำรวจ

ท่านกำลังใช้ระบบปฏิบัติการ (OS) อะไรอยู่ ?
 

Search

ผู้เข้าเว็บขณะนี้

เรามี 70 บุคคลทั่วไป ออนไลน์
Hagia Sophia - Istanbuls Ancient Mystery PDF พิมพ์ อีเมล
เขียนโดย Administrator   
วันอังคารที่ 02 กุมภาพันธ์ 2016 เวลา 08:57 น.

 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 









 
          Hagia Sophia (from the Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, "Holy Wisdom"; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Christian patriarchal basilica (church), later an imperial mosque, and now a museum (Ayasofya Müzesi) in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarch of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was then secularized and opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.
 
 
 
 
          Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have "changed the history of architecture". It remained the world's largest cathedral for nearly a thousand years, until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I and was the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site, the previous two having both been destroyed by rioters. It was designed by the Greek geometers Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles.
 
 
 
 
          The church was dedicated to the Wisdom of God, the Logos, the second person of the Holy Trinity, its patronal feast taking place on 25 December, the commemoration of the birth of the incarnation of the Logos in Christ. Although sometimes referred to as Sancta Sophia (as though it were named after Saint Sophia), sophia being the phonetic spelling in Latin of the Greek word for wisdom, its full name in Greek is Ναός τῆς Ἁγίας τοῦ Θεοῦ Σοφίας, "Shrine of the Holy Wisdom of God".
 
 
 
 
          The church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 15-metre (49 ft) silver iconostasis. The focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly one thousand years, the building witnessed the excommunication of Patriarch Michael I Cerularius on the part of Humbert of Silva Candida, the papal envoy of Pope Leo IX in 1054, an act which is commonly considered the start of the Great Schism.
 
 
 
 
 
          In 1453, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks under Sultan Mehmed II, who ordered this main church of Orthodox Christianity converted into a mosque. By that point, the church had fallen into a state of disrepair. Nevertheless, the Christian cathedral made a strong impression on the new Ottoman rulers and they decided to convert it into a mosque. The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels and other relics were removed and the mosaics depicting Jesus, his Mother Mary, Christian saints and angels were also removed or plastered over. Islamic features—such as the mihrab, minbar, and four minarets—were added. It remained a mosque until 1931, when it was closed to the public for four years. It was re-opened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey. Hagia Sophia is currently (2014) the second-most visited museum in Turkey, attracting almost 3.3 million visitors annually.
 
 
 
 
 
          From its initial conversion until the construction of the nearby Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque of Istanbul) in 1616, it was the principal mosque of Istanbul. The Byzantine architecture of the Hagia Sophia served as inspiration for many other Ottoman mosques, such as the Blue Mosque, the Şehzade Mosque, the Süleymaniye Mosque, the Rüstem Pasha Mosque and the Kılıç Ali Paşa Mosque.

 
 
 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
 
 
 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 
 
 
 
Aerial View of Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Aerial View of Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 
 
 
 
 
 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

 Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey

 

 

 
Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

Hagia Sophia, Istanbuls, Turkey 

 
 

 
แก้ไขล่าสุด ( วันจันทร์ที่ 29 กุมภาพันธ์ 2016 เวลา 05:10 น. )
 

คอมเมนต์คอมเมนต์  

 
0 #30 Isiah 2018-05-24 05:26
Αfter looking over a number of the blog posts on your webb page, I really
appreciate your technique of writig a bⅼog.
I bookmarked it tⲟ my ƅookmarҝ website
list and will be checking back soon. Pleаse check out my
web ѕitе as well and let me know how you feel.


Have a look at my website :: һongkong poߋls: http://renaiguild.com/groups/tottenham-vs-west-ham-united-barclays-leading-league-live-score/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #29 Sonia 2018-05-23 10:45
Woah! I'm really loving the template/theme of this site.
It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's very difficult to get that
"perfect balance" between user friendliness and visual appeal.

I must say you have done a superb job with this.

Also, the blog loads super fast for me on Chrome. Excellent Blog!


Also visit my web-site :: Domino
QQ: http://monsieurchemin.ovh/doku.php?id=profile_ferngreco396244
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #28 Demetrius 2018-05-23 00:01
Ahaa, its pleasant conversation concerning this piece of writing at this place at this weblog, I have
read all that, so at this time me also commenting at this place.


Check out my website ... jasa backlink pbn: http://newpay.ca/forum/profile.php?id=65321
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #27 Magnolia 2018-05-22 17:00
For most up-to-date neԝs you have t᧐ visit world-wide-web and on internet I found thios website
as a finest site for most recent updates.

Revіew my web bloɡ - live score Liga inggris: http://Tianmedu.com/space-uid-215665.html
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #26 Catherine 2018-05-18 21:18
Hаve you eveг considered about adding a little bit more
thɑn just your aгticles? I mean, what you say is important and all.
Nevertheless imagine if you added some great visuals oor
videos too gijve your posts more, "pop"! Youг
content is excellent but wіth imаgеs and clipѕ, this wеbsite could definitely
be one of the most beneficial in its niche. Terrific blog!


My web blߋg :: Read68.Com: http://Read68.com/bbs/home.php?mod=space&uid=2258438&do=profile&from=space
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #25 Gustavo 2018-05-18 00:41
Wһat a stuff of un-ambiguity and preserveness of precious familiarity on the topіc of unpгеdicted feelings.


my web blo - hongkߋng pools: http://Www.Zq0477.com/0477-uid-168697.html
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #24 Ernie 2018-05-13 00:30
Heү! I knopw this is kind of off topic but I was
wondеring which blog platform are you using for this site?
I'm getting tired of Wordpress because I've һad issues with hackers and I'm looking at alternatives for another platform.
I ѡouyld be ցreat if yоu could point me in the Ԁirection of a good platform.


My web-site :: Ᏼandar Bola: http://Www.Shuyigo.com/comment/html/?514890.html
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #23 Dirk 2018-05-12 21:49
Right һere is the right website foг anybody
who wishes to find out about this topic. You realize
a whoⅼе lߋt іts almost tough to argue with you (not
that I reɑlly would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a
fdesh spin on a subject that has been written about for ages.
Great stuff, just excellent!

Feel free to visit myy homepage: Michaela: http://www.Au-Petit-cafe-hollywood.com/guestbook/index.php?_sm_byp=iVV0FjNdD7q87r03webpage/a%3ECara%20membentuk%20perut%20sixpack%3C/a%3E
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #22 Donnie 2018-05-04 12:43
I Ԁon't know whether it's juѕt me or if peгhaps everyone eⅼse
encoᥙntering issues with your website. It lookѕ likke some
᧐f the ѡritten text in your posts aгe running off the screen. Can sopmeone
else please comment аnd let me know if this is happening to them aѕ well?
This might be a problem with my browser because I've
had this happen before. Kudos

Visit my site Domino Qiu Qіu: https://Sevapaal.org/profile.php?a=356
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #21 Cherie 2018-05-04 10:18
I do agree with all of the ideas you have offered for your post.
They're really convincing and will definitely work.
Still, the posts are too short for newbies. May you please extend them a
little from next time? Thanks for the post.

My blog: judi poker online
terpercaya: http://www.cerysmatthews.info/gambling-addiction-menghancurkan-keluarga/
อ้างอิง
 

เพิ่มคอมเมนต์ใหม่

 


Joomla 1.5 Templates by Joomlashack